Troubleshooting after jumper cable reversed

After sitting in sub-zero weather for a few days, I needed to jump my 2014 Outback to get it started. Hooked up the cables, turned the key, and then the horn started blasting. Disconnected the cables and eventually realized I had hooked them up backwards. Now I’m beating myself up pretty hard here and honestly I’m worried about my cognitive state having done something like that-- I’m not a mechanic or anything but I’ve certainly jump started a car before and understand enough about electricity to not make a mistake like that.

Anyway I corrected the cables and it started up. But as one might expect some stuff is not working. It can drive and all the exterior lights, wipers, etc seem to be working, so at least it’s functional. The following are not working (and it’s possible there might be something else I haven’t noticed yet):
Radio/nav system
Interior overhead lights
Dash clock/mpg display
Remote door lock/unlock
Remote starter

So, while I may or may not be able to fix this myself, I’d like to do what I can to diagnose the problem. I’ve checked all the fuses (got a reading with an ohmmeter, didn’t pull them all out). I recognize it’s possible that I’ve fried all these components, but I’m hoping that’s not the case and there’s a single point of failure, like a fried fusible link.
For those of you who might have some familiarity, where would you start looking?

There may be fusible link(s) near the battery’s + terminal. The wire inside melts, like a fuse. Test each for continuity with an ohmmeter.

See if the main fuse (A) in the under hood fuse box blew.

Tester

I might be misunderstanding what the “main” fuse does, but wouldn’t I be having a lot more problems if it were blown? I took a look at it and didn’t see any signs of damage looking through the clear top. I’ve never worked with a fuse of that type. How would I go about testing it?

Check for continuity.

Tester

  1. Consult the car’s wiring diagram for fuseable links and fuses located outside the fuse panel. In addition, items like radios sometimes have internal fuses.

  2. Are the non-functional items receiving power? You can start by checking for voltage on their circuits at the fuse panel (fuses in place) - that would tell you which side of the panel the trouble is on.

  3. Check associated relays, both if they’re receiving power when they should and if they’re functioning.

  4. You might be able to isolate (disconnect) some items from the car’s wiring and apply power independently to see if they’re working. Be cautious with this, study the wiring diagram and don’t accidentally touch power to the wrong places (such as adjacent connector pins) or you can add to the damage.

  5. Is the charging system functioning properly, or at all? Start by checking voltage at the battery terminals while the engine is running to see if 1) the battery is being charged and 2) that it isn’t being overcharged, which might be more difficult to detect until the battery is fully charged. A potential consequence of over charging is the battery might explode, resulting in further electrical damage.

  6. Reverse voltage as well as voltage spikes associated with arcing (when you connected the cables) can damage semiconductors which are found all over modern cars including the controllers of those the non-functioning items and within the items themselves. If you’ve damaged a semiconductor, you’ll probably need to replace the unit or module it is within.

As a last ditch effort, I suggest you try the following.
First and foremost- Wear Safety Glasses!
Completely disconnect both battery cables, touch the cables together for 1 minute and re-connect.
This drains any residual current in the system-computers. The computers then re-learn.
I successfully did this in my GMC Suburban when all else failed. 5 years later it is running fine.
My situation was I moved the GMC out of the garage on near zero weather. When I tried to restart, absolutely nothing! I called AAA for a jumpstart and again, absolutely nothing. I remembered this procedure told to me by a certified mechanic. I performed it and it worked.

Please know that you are not shorting the system because your cables are disconnected from the battery.
Here is a You Tube Video- How To Reboot Your Car ~ Battery VooDoo - YouTube
Hope it works as well for you.

It was worth a try, but no luck. :frowning:

:sleepy: :sleepy: :sleepy:

I was hoping. Thanks for the feedback.