Less than 50 miles, if you had good "breaking in" oil, previously.
However, don't try it!
I got lucky, once, lost my "Oil Drain Plug", but noticed the sudden drop in oil pressure, and am still "running" with the same engine.
Hiking back down the road, I found the oil splash, about 5 miles from where the truck was stopped! But, most of the time, the engine will "freeze" without oil in less than 20 miles.
So, check your oil after any "quick change", before you drive it home!
And, always look under your vehicle, before starting your car, since it may get "sabotaged" by any of your enemies.