I think the CR-V is good choice. Any 2003 model has a lot of advanced safety features. One 2003 make/model isn’t really gonna be that much safer than any of the others. I prefer front wheel drive sedans myself due to their better handling, but that’s just me. As mentioned above, your daughter’s driving style is the most important safety factor that you have some control over. Some kids that age do fine driving, others, not so much, tend to have a problem keeping focused while driving, and keeping to the speed limit. You are the best judge of all that. To increase the odds, when she drives, for the first couple years or so, she drives alone, with no other passengers in the car. Parents riding along to monitor progress are an occasional exception of course.
The common wisdom of the experts here seems to be that before writing any checks, see what Consumer Reports Used Car Guide says about the car’s reliability, and to schedule a pre-purchase inspection using your own mechanic. I also think it is a good idea when buying a used car to make sure it has had all it recalls and customer interest program work done.
The only real concern I’d have with this car as a daily driver for your daughter is if it is a 4WD version, b/c they tend to be a little less reliable and more expensive to repair.
For the 2.4 L 2wd version, I see 3 general recalls, 22 safety recalls, and about 25 customer interest bulletins listed. A Honda dealership should be able to print those lists out for you and help you determine if the work has already been done based on the VIN.